The development of the ICT-infrastructure in the Uppsala region

Information and Communication Technology, ICT, represents a technology which the traditional academic organizations throughout Europe had tremendous difficulties integrating into their structure. A typical example for this situation is Uppsala University, UU:

At the beginning of 1960, there was no academic position relating to ICT, nor was there any generally available hardware installation, nor was there any software development support staff.As can be seen from the following sections, there were external bodies which intrinsically enabled the development of the ICT-infrastructure in the Uppsala region, in spite of reluctance and resistance from the traditional academic administrative structures and mechanisms.

With regard to the sustainable innovations presented in this site-entry, it is very important to emphasize that the ICT-infrastructure considered both hardware and software development facilities. Especially software development facilities were and still are rather incompatible with the traditional academic administrative structures and mechanisms.

Typically, the first generally available computer at UU and SLU was sponsored by IBM-Sweden for a period of two years (see 1960-64). A precondition for this sponsoring required the presence of a teacher and professional engineer with regard to the use of computers. This requirement could not be fulfilled by the existing academic structures of UU and SLU. However, a wonderfully innovative solution was found.

The implementation of university datacenters by the Swedish Parliament at the request of the Swedish Department of Finance (1965-70) included, as a very important component, a software development facility. UDAC, the datacenter for the Uppsala universities UU and SLU, was installed on April 1th, 1965, and became together with its leader, Werner Schneider, one of the most important actors in the production of all the sustainable innovations presented as the base of this site, from the start until its dissolution 1996, when Sweden became a member of the EU.

The development of the ICT-infrastructure in the Uppsala region

1960–64
1965–70
1971-75
1976–90
1991-